Challenging Construction of a 25,000-m²Landfill Liner
The site was split up into 13 separate strips for the construction of the 330 m x 80 m landfill liner. A layer of crushed limestone hardcore followed by four 25-cm layers of clay had to be placed on each of the strips and successively checked for impermeability. Following this, the liner was finished by paving two layers of a specially formulated landfill asphalt mix.
The Team Processed 52,800 t of the Clay-Sand Mixture
The core element of the landfill liner is the four layers of clay. The material, a mixture of clay and sand, was trucked to the landfill project from an extraction site 50 km away. In view of the one hour it took to truck the materials from source to site, and considering that the clay mustn’t be allowed to get wet, carefully organized site logistics were absolutely essential. As the scheduled placement of 1,200 t of clay-sand mixture per day could only take place in dry weather, the reliability, readiness, quality and performance of the equipment deployed all played a decisive role. ‘We’ve had nothing but positive experience with Wirtgen Group machines for many years. On challenging jobs like this, it’s also a great advantage that we get the machines and the service from the same people’, said Michael Huthwelker, master of crafts in road construction from Wachenfeld, lead contractor on the project.
After the material was unloaded on the site, it was spread by a dozer and a John Deere 622GP motor grader, which were then followed by a Wirtgen WS 250 tractor-towed stabilizer. Due to the aeration of the clay by the milling and mixing rotor of the WS 250, the ground needed no further improvement by pre-spreading with lime or cement. On completion of this step, a Hamm 3414 HT P soil compactor compacted the freshly homogenized clay layer. It enlarged the surface area with its padfoot drum – the P stands for Padfoot – to accelerate the evaporation of the moisture contained in the clay. The John Deere motor grader now took over and leveled the strip. After an appropriate pause for drying, a Hamm H 13i compactor with a smooth drum compacted the layers. The machine train repeated this sequence of earthworks for each of the four clay layers. In all, the train processed 52,800 t of the clay-sand mix in this manner.
Asphalt – An Important Component of the Landfill Liner
A special aspect of landfill building projects is the construction of leachate drainage systems to minimize threats to the environment. Their task is to drain off contaminated water. At the landfill site in Hofgeismar, the leachate drainage system consists of a massive asphalt block. Here, a Vögele SUPER 1800-2 paver with a fixed width Vögele screed placed an asphalt package in six layers with an overall thickness of 36 cm at the exact centre of the extension area. The run-off channel for the leachate was then milled into this asphalt block.
A Vögele SUPER 1800-3i paver with an AB 500 extending screed was also in use on the site for the subsequent paving of several layers of specially formulated landfill asphalt mix over the clay package. Such mixes are characterized by a higher percentage of bitumen and more fines that provides particularly high impermeability.
Thanks to the impermeable liner, the landfill is now ideally equipped for an environmentally friendly future with no leakage of harmful leachate.